Malnutrition is a condition where a person is not having enough nutrition in his diet or when a person is overindulging in nutrition. That unhealthy diet contributes to a lot of health problems. It is further categorized into two following types:
Undernutrition: Not getting sufficient nutrition
Overnutrition: Feeding too much nutrition
Malnutrition can be caused by a number of reasons. There are many factors such as eating, physical, and mental that contributes to the cause. Below are mentioned some of the main causes.
- Social Factors
The main reason for malnutrition is that people don’t have enough knowledge about it. This is why they are unable to construct a healthy diet plan. Not having enough knowledge leads to either a diet that has no nutrition or a diet where they over-consume and become obese.
People who live alone do not care much about their nutritional intake. They normally opt for fast food that is filled with fat and other unhealthy ingredients. And, even if they try to eat at home, they just don’t know how to cook the right food.
- Psychological Factors
Emotional instability, such as being highly depressed for not getting a job, losing someone very close to your heart, or maybe being under pressure from studies can result in malnourishment. When a person is in a state of severe depression or stress, he hardly has time to focus on his diet.
Another disorder is eating disorder. It is a disorder in which the person has a very disturbed eating pattern. An example of this disorder is Anorexia Nervosa. In this condition, a person has a very small caloric intake. The amount of food they eat is very small and has little to no nutrition.
- Health Factors
A person that already has a disease can become malnourished. There are some common diseases that will cause malnutrition. There are types of cancers (such as blood cancer, breast cancer, bone marrow cancer, etc.) and pulmonary diseases (such as cystic fibrosis and COPD, and many other types).
When a person is suffering from any such disease, he will lose his appetite. The patient takes less than normal food. It can also be due to any side effect of the medicines. He also suffers from constant vomiting and nausea. In the case of gastrointestinal disease, the food will be expelled sooner before its nutrients can be properly digested.
Malnutrition can be treated at home. But, it depends on the amount of struggle and work you are willing to put in. It requires you to be consistent and resolute with your goal. Below are given some options of treatment that can be prescribed to a person according to the type or severity of the condition.
- Know About Your Food
There are a lot of things that you can do at home. One of the main things is having enough knowledge about your food. You need to have all the nutritional details of the food that you will be putting in your mouth today.
There are lots of books available on nutrition. We are living in an age of technology. There are thousands of articles on many food types and recipes. So, not only you will get information, but you will also find a lot of tasty and healthy recipes.
- Look For Medical Help
Here we are not talking about medical help in this paragraph. We are talking about seeking psychological guidance. Believe me, consulting a therapist or joining a support group will prove wonders for you.
But, sometimes, the problem is not physical. It is just our thinking that sometimes stops us from eating or just forces us to overeat. Clearing our minds from this will help us treat malnutrition.
- Medicines And Supplements
There are some medicines that will help in promoting hunger. One problem that undernourished people face is that they do not feel like eating at all. In this case, a professional nutritionist pharmacist can prescribe medicine that will make you feel hungry.
Apart from that, you can take supplements to fill the deficiencies of the nutrient. There are many supplements, like calcium and vitamin supplements. But, before taking these supplements, consult with a doctor first. Visit https://farmacia.vegas/ right now for nutritional advice!
Malnutrition is a very serious health problem that needs immediate attention from people. They should not hesitate to get guidance and should try to get to the root of the problem. Switching to a healthier diet is the best option to treat this condition.