Prostate Cancer and its Risk Factors

The body is constantly losing and growing new cells. Every normal cell has a life cycle, dying at the end of it, making way for new, fresh cells to take their place. However, if something goes wrong in the cells’ natural programmed death processes, they can continue taking up space as new cells are produced. This is known as cancer, and is one of the most debilitating diseases across the entire planet.

Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer, affecting the prostate glands of men. These glands are small and walnut-shaped, and are responsible for producing the seminal fluid in which sperm is mixed with to produce semen. Prostate cancers can progress slowly and require little to no treatment, but can also be aggressive in many cases and spread very swiftly. However, if caught early, the progression of the disease can be mitigated and treated before it has a chance to metastisise. That is why we highly recommend you get regularly checked out for signs of prostate cancer. These urologist in Islamabad are great options for those who reside in the city.

Symptoms

Many of the symptoms of prostate cancer can be ascribed to the uncontrolled proliferation of those cells putting extra pressure on adjacent tubes and structures. The symptoms of prostate cancer include:

  • A feeling of pain in one’s bones
  • The presence of blood in one’s urine
  • Inexplicable weight loss
  • A weak urinary stream, or difficulty initiating urination
  • The presence of blood in one’s semen
  • Difficulty in getting and maintaining an erection

Types of Prostate Cancer

Though the origin of the cancer remains the same, the kind of cancer that afflicts the prostate can be different. These types of prostate cancers include:

  • Adenocarcinomas: These are the most common type, developing from the gland cells themselves.
  • Small Cell Carcinomas
  • Neuroendocrine Tumors
  • Sarcomas

Risk Factors

Though these risk factors make it more likely that you might develop prostate cancer, it is by no means a guarantee that you will. Some of these factors do however warrant being more cautious about the disease, and having regular check-ups. The main risk factors are:

  • Age: The risk of developing the disease is much higher in men above the age of 50, while it is very rare to find a man under the age of 40 with it.
  • Race: Though the reasons for the disparity in prostate cancer cases between races is unclear, it is known that men of African descent are at higher risk regardless of age. Men of Hispanic and Asian descent are less at risk.
  • Geography: It is known that prostate cancer is most prevalent in North America, Europe and Australia, while it is less so in Asia, South and Central America, and Africa. This might be due to differences in lifestyle.
  • Genetics: Though most men who suffer from prostate cancer do not have a family history of it, having such may put you at greater risk of having it, as it has been reported that prostate cancer runs in some families.
  • Weight: Some studies have shown that obesity may put you at greater risk of developing a more severe form of prostate cancer, though this has not been properly investigated and confirmed.
  • Vasectomy: Some studies have shown that having a vasectomy may put you at greater risk of developing prostate cancer.

If you have a family history of prostate cancer, it would be wise to be cautious about having it yourself. If you’re in need of a physician for regular checkups, we recommend these Best urologist in Lahore.

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