What does it mean, Biosecurity?
At the end of 2014, Canada and the United States began seeing some domestic poultry on the west coast suffering from an extremely pathogenic strain of avian influenza (AI). Because of the too high mortality rate (up to 50% within 48 hours) of chickens and turkeys infected with this virus, the virus can be classified as a highly pathogenic Avian influenza virus. The issue migrated east into the central regions of North America in the spring of 2015. This disease travels through North America through the migratory flyways of wild birds (such as gangs and ducks). By mid-May 2015, over 35 million laying hens in the United States had learned more about this outbreak. That’s 10% of the US stock of eggs. It’s highly infectious, and domestic chickens and turkeys have no immunity to the disease, which renders this strain of avian influenza so problematic. Currently, no vaccinations can be used to prevent disease, so the only instruments in our biosecurity toolbox are practices that prevent the virus from entering our farms. But there is a way to avoid massive catastrophe, which is to use biosecurity services.
What is Biosecurity?
We know a little bit of prediction, but bio-safety is key to preserving our hens’ wellbeing so that we can consistently provide healthy and plentiful food to Canadians. The initial concept of biosafety began with a series of prevention steps to minimize infectious diseases in crops and animals. We do a lot to shield our farms from our hens’ vaccination while they are young or our barns are washed and disallowed. We believe the inside of our barns are “cleaner” to protect our hens and eggs than the outside surroundings. We try to eliminate both bacteria and viruses from accessing the grenades, which is why we are continually subject to stringent biosecurity controls. And now, more critical than ever are these steps.
How can Biosecurity on our farms be implemented?
We still use our farms to avoid Biosecurity from infecting our chickens, as are many other poultry pathogens and infections. Biosafety begins at the gate of the farm! Our poultry staff arrive and turn to “clean” barn clothes automatically as they reach the barns. These clothes remain in the barn and are not exposed to the exterior parts of the barn. They enter the dressing room and place their new wraps, hair net, and masks on their faces.
Street clothes that may be tainted by anything that hurts hens are important. It is important. You then “break the red line” by replacing your sneakers for clean barn sneakers or covering your street shoes for plastic boots to reach the barn. A contaminant might just as quickly be like duck or goose manure adhering to a shoe bottom.
Biosecurity protects Canada’s egg supply.
Because of the effects on this high-pathogenic avian flu’s poultry industry, all of our stations and farms are adopting improved stringent biosecurity procedures to mitigate our chance of this awful outbreak. Drivers wear biosafety apparel (disposable covers) and boots (plastic shoe cover) while visiting local egg farmers regularly to pick up their eggs for scoring. They clean the cars’ spokes and tire wells. We do the same on the field for both vehicles visiting and being notified to poultry farms in Biosecurity. These improved biosecurity initiatives will remain in place until late June or later at the end of the spring migration, based on how far AI continues to disperse across North America and throughout the wild bird community.