The answer to this question depends on a number of factors. Generally speaking, a micronutrient-rich diet doesn’t require supplementation in a child. However, many children have underlying health conditions or dietary habits that increase the likelihood of micronutrient deficiencies and they indicate a need for additional micronutrient supplements.
People with certain behavioural issues, like ADHD, autism, or hyperactivity, who only eat vegetarian or vegan foods, or who have certain conditions that limit or increase their ability to absorb nutrients, like celiac disease, cystic fibrosis, cancer or IBD. Some people also have surgery that affects the intestines or gastrointestinal system, while others have very picky eating habits that make it hard to eat different foods. Plus, some people reside in areas that need supplements such as vitamin D.
Your child’s nutritional requirements vary depending on a variety of factors, including age, gender, body size, growth, activity level, and more. While there are a variety of vitamins and minerals that children need, here are some that are particularly important for their overall health:
Iron is really important for your kid’s health. It helps your child grow and develop properly. Plus, it helps your kid’s red blood cells move oxygen around the body. If your kid doesn’t have enough iron, they can get anemia and have all sorts of health problems. So make sure to give them plenty of iron in their diet. Good sources of iron include whole grains, nuts, beans as well as fortified cereals, beans and lentils. You can also get some iron from green leafy veggies, meat and eggs.
Calcium is a critical nutrient for children, as it is primary cause for the health of teeth and bones, as well as for the development of muscles, nerves, and heart. We strive to maintain healthy bones and teeth throughout life, so it is essential to ensure adequate calcium intake during the growing years. Eating calcium-rich foods such as milk, yogurt and cheese, as well as broccoli, spinach, and tofu, can help to replenish the body’s calcium stores.
Vitamin D helps in the absorption of calcium and hence in bone and tooth health. Vitamin D is one of the essential nutrients that many children lack. Vitamin D has many health benefits, including immunity, brain health, and nervous system functions.
Magnesium is a mineral that’s often overlooked, but it’s really important for kids. It helps with things like growing bones and keeping the muscles and nervous system in good shape. Most kids who complain about muscle cramps and spasms have a deficiency in Magnesium. But there are some other signs that you might not be aware of, like being hyperactive, anxious, having ticks, or having trouble sleeping.
Choosing the doseIf the child is on a restricted diet, unable to absorb nutrients properly, or has a picky eating disorder, using a supplement may be beneficial for them. Always consult with your child’s doctor before using a supplement. When selecting a supplement for your child, look for high-quality brands which have undergone third-party testing. Also, look for vitamins and minerals specifically designed for children and make sure they do not contain mega-dosages that exceed children’s nutrient needs.